Glossary of Terms

Glossary Contributors: Don Applegarth-Nancy Bielik

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Buzzbaits: These are like a spinnerbait, ut have a flat blade that causes it to rise quickly to the top, and create a disturbance along the surface like a minnow.

Carolina Rig: this is simply a variation of the standar Texas Rigged Plastic worm or other soft bait. It usually involves a Lizard, but any bait can be used. Most angles prefer to use a Heavy weight of 1/2 -1oz or more. Slide the weight onto the line, then add one to three glass or plastic beads about 6mm (1/4") in diameter. Color is unimportant. Next add a Barrel swivel, and a leader line that is somewhat smaller than the main line. I recommend a leader length of 2' - 5', and then a 3/0 - 5/ 0 hook. This rig allows the bait to get down quickly to the bottom in deep water areas, and can be worked relatively quickly. The heavy weight gives you a much better feel of the bottom. The leader allows the bait to swim and rise above the bottom, and fall slowly down. It works best in deep openwater areas, but can be used anywhere.

Crankbait: A lure which is usually made from either hard plastic or wood, and has a diving lip on the front which causes it to wobble, and dive, giving it some sort of swimming action. Usually, the larger the lip, the deeper it will dive. Many have rattles, but not all, and each has a specific time and place. Most anglers find the plastic ones with rattles to be the best in dingy to muddy water, and the wooden ones with no sound in clearer water. As with all lures, it is not always the case, but at least that is a good rule of thumb when searching for the right lure to start out under a given circumstance.
Jerkbaits: These are one of the best lures around, for both topwater, as well as suspended bass. They are almost always Long minnow shaped plugs, and come in a variety of sizes and colors. Many will suspend, but other will not. Some of the best are made by Rapala, Cordell, Excaliber, and Yo Zuri, but nearly every company has at least one of these baits available. These are best worked in one of two ways. Firts try using them as a topwater bait with a twitch and stop type of retrieve, or a slow and steady wake below the surface. The second way, is to use the suspending ones that tend to dive a lot deepeer, and use a jerk and stop technique to allow the bass to come up, and take it .
Jigs: These are basically a lead head and a hook with some sort of dressing on it. Some are rubber skirts, some are Maribou, or eathers, and some are even Bucktail. Others jigs use soft plastic baits for bodies, instead of skirts, such as a sassy shad type of body, or even a plastic grub. Many times these are fished with a Pork frog, or a plastic bait as a trailer such as a worm or a crawfish. These baits are deadly during colder weather or whenever the fishing is tough, like during a front. best areas are around thick heavy cover such as a tree, or bush,and even underneath docks, or boats.
Lipless Crankbait: These are usually sinking lures, that are made from plastic, and contain many rattles inside that are extremely loud, and creates quite a disturbance underwater. Such lures as the Rat-L-Trap, Cordell Spot, and Rapala Rattlin Rap, fall into this catagory.

Poppers: These baits are great topwater lures,and can call up fish from some really long distances. They can be worked in a steady relatively fast retrieve, or jerked and made to splash and spit in one place for quite some time. Some of the best ones are the Rebel Pop-R. and Excaliber Pop-R, along with the ones made by Gary Yamamoto called the Sugoi Splash.

Soft Jerkbait: These include such lures as the Bass Assassin, Zoom Super Fluke, Culprit Jerkworm, and of course...the Sluggo. Again, nearly every soft plastic company has thier own brand of this bait as well, and they are rigged either on a Jighead, or with a Weedless Worm hook in the 3/0-5/0 size. Best ones are light wire with a wide gap, such as the Gamagatsu EWG (extra wide gap) because it allows the extra thick plastic to move away from the hook whenever a fish bites. If you fish this on a worm hook, you should use a leader ine and a barrel swivel to prevent line twist, and add some weight. Other ways to add weight could be as simple as adding assorted sizes of finishing nails to the center of the body, or even the nose. Work these in the same manner as a regular jerkbait, but sometimes they work well after they are allowed to fall to the bottom as well.

Soft Plastic Bait Colors: Solid obviously means one color. Two color means that the front part of the bait is one color and the tail part is another color. Laminated means that the top half of the bait is one color and the bottom another.

Spinnerbaits: These are similar to a jig, but have a blade that runs above the hook, and spins to imitate a baitfish. They usually have one or two blades, and these are in different sizes as well as shapes. A colorado blade gives off the most vibration, and allows the most Lift to the bait. A willow leaf gives more flash, and allows the bait to run faster, or deeper in the water.

Texas Rig: this is a standard rig for a plastic worm. Use a sliding weight, usually bullet shaped, and a hook sufficient for the size worm you have chosen. Stick the point of the hok directly into the worm head, and then bring it out the side about 1/8 - 3/16" below the entry. then pull the rest of the hook down into the worm until the eye of the hook is about to enter the worm. Rotate the hook around so the point is facing the worm's body. Lay it over the side to see where it should enter in order to hang straight. The push it into the worm, and pull the worms body until it hangs straight on the hook. Remember that if the worms is twisted, it will twist your line, and won't have the correct action.

Walkin' the dog: this is a technique that usually requires some time to master, since it is created by the angler rather than the actual lure. Probably the best known lure for this is the ZARA SPOOK made by Heddon. They can be cast a long distance, and worked through schooling bass, or early morning flats to draw strikes from big bass that are feeding as well. To create the correct action, here is what you do: Make a long cast, and then allow the bait to sit for a few seconds, Take up the slack, and with your rod tip pointed at the water, give it a jerk to the side, then immediatly take it back and reel in slack, then jerk again, and repeat all the way back. whenever you jerk it, the bait darts to the side, then you take up the slack, and whenever you jerk it again, it darts the other way, so it goes from side to side all the way back. You can vary the retrieve speed, until you find the one they want. This is a really good bait for clear water, and for BIG bass! 

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